About heart disease
Heart disease is one of the most common health problems. According to a 2020 survey, it is a disease that kills 219.4 people per 100,000 people and is the number one cause of death.
Heart disease is a collection of many heart-related diseases. There are many types of heart disease, depending on the gender. It is a group of diseases that are very likely to occur at any age.
Usually, the symptoms of heart disease become noticeable after a while and in the initial stages, the baby stays silent. That is why health experts warn that more caution is needed.
Types of heart disease
It is commonly referred to as heart disease, but in reality there are many different types of heart disease. These are collectively called cardiovascular problems.
Under the heading of heart disease, there are the following main types of diseases:
Congenital heart defects
Coronary artery disease
Heart valves disease
And Stoke .
Of these, the following types of diseases continue to exist:
Congenital heart defects
Septal defects – A hole in the muscle that does not close between the arteries
Obstruction defects – blockage of blood vessels to the heart
Cyanotic heart disease – A congenital type of heart disease in which the body does not get enough oxygen due to poor blood pressure.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – myocardial infarction
Dilated cardiomyopathy – thickening / enlarging of the heart muscle
Restrictive cardiomyopathy – Myocardial infarction is one of the most common cardiovascular problems.
Coronary artery disease
Ischemic heart disease
Angina – Sudden chest tightness
Myocardial infarction / Heart Attack – Myocardial infarction / myocardial infarction
Tachycardia / Arrythemia – tachycardia
Bradycardia – a slow heartbeat
Pericarditis – Inflammation of the pericardium on the outside of the heart
Pericardial effusion – fluid accumulation between the heart and the pericardium
All of the above conditions are related to heart disease.
The peculiarities of heart disease are the variety of diseases and the different symptoms. The symptoms of heart disease are close to each other but often differ significantly. Therefore, we will classify the symptoms according to the disease.
Symptoms of arrhythmia
Arrhythmias are disorders of the heart rhythm. Speed is fast. It may vary slightly depending on the delay, but the main symptoms are as follows.
Weakness and weakness.
Slow or fast heartbeat.
Slow blood pressure
I often feel dizzy.
Chest pain .
Symptoms of coronary heart disease
Atherosclerosis reduces blood flow to the limbs. Not only this. The following are some common signs of coronary heart disease:
Cold hands and feet.
Numbness in the limbs.
I have a lot of pain for no reason.
Weakness of the legs and arms.
Symptoms of congenital heart disease
Symptoms of congenital heart defects, also known as congenital heart defects, can show up at birth and into adulthood. In some cases, the disease can be difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are:
Inflammation of the limbs.
Shortness of breath Shortness of breath
Tiredness. I feel exhausted.
Cardiovascular disease (CAD)
CAD is caused by a lack of oxygenated blood flow to the heart and lungs. The symptoms are as follows:
I have no chest comfort.
Feeling of pressure in the chest / squeezing;
Feeling sick (nausea) and being sick (vomiting)
Feelings of indigestion.
Myocardial infarction symptoms
Cardiomyopathy is caused by the heart muscle being too strong or growing too much or too weak. The main symptoms are:
I was tired and exhausted.
Feet Swelling of the knees and legs.
Blood pressure is very fast.
Signs of a heart infection
A heart infection is also called endocarditis or myocarditis. Symptoms include:
Obstruction of the airways
I have a fever.
Symptoms include itchy skin.
Symptoms of heart disease in women
One of the unique things about heart symptoms is that women may have slightly different symptoms than men. And women are more likely than men to have heart disease.
Women are more likely to have a heart attack , and chest tightness and palpitations are the most common symptoms. But there are many worries. Difficulty sleeping You may feel tired for no apparent reason. In addition, depression, He also suffered from hemorrhage.
Here are some other common symptoms that women experience when they have a heart attack
It is pale white.
Difficulty breathing Breathing slowly.
Weakness and weakness.
I fell unconscious.
Nausea and vomiting
Cold sweats may occur.
What causes heart disease?
There are many causes of heart disease. Heart disease is more directly linked to lifestyle and is more likely to occur in people who do not eat a healthy diet.
But these are not the only causes of heart disease. There are many other causes of heart disease. The underlying causes vary depending on the type of disease.
Arrhythmia: Irregular heartbeat is a major cause, but can also lead to diabetes. High blood pressure Addiction to strong drugs; Excessive consumption of alcohol and caffeine; I was addicted to alcohol and drugs. Stress Anxiety Heart attack Arrhythmia can also occur if you have coronary heart disease or congenital heart disease.
Congenital heart defects – This condition is congenital. It tends to grow gradually. It is a disease that needs to be treated early. This is due to the number of chromosomes in the baby.
Cardiomyopathy – This disease has many different causes and conditions.
Dilated cardiomyopathy – The exact cause is not yet known. It is a common form of myocardial infarction that weakens the heart. Drug use; Infection Heart attack It may be related to the inability to control the blood flow to the heart.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – A condition in which the muscles tighten.
Restrictive cardiomyopathy – a disease in which the walls of the heart become tight and constricted. The cause is not yet known, but it is a muscle injury. It is caused by an increase in an abnormal protein called amyloidosis.
Heart infections – Bacteria, Parasites Viruses can attach to the heart and cause heart infections.
In addition, other causes of heart disease are external factors. Forty-seven percent of all heart disease cases are due to preventable external conditions or conditions.
These problems are:
High blood pressure
High cholesterol in the blood Less
Lack of physical activity.
But there are also situations that can be out of control. These are:
Family history of the disease;
How can heart disease be diagnosed?
There are many different ways to find out if you have heart disease. Symptoms can be diagnosed in consultation with a doctor. You can also test with technology.
Noninvasive tests include electrocardiogram (ECG); Echocardiogram; Stress test and carotid ultrasound; Holter monitor; Tilt table test and CT scan.
Invasive tests include cardiac catheterization; Coronary angiography; Electrophysiology study.
Ways to treat heart disease
Heart disease is a common and deadly disease but can be treated.
There are three main types of treatment for the disease.
Lifestyle changes: Changing a healthy and happy lifestyle is key to reducing your risk of heart disease. Sodium Reduce your fat and sugar intake and eat more fruits and vegetables. Regular physical activity and a healthy heart can help reduce the risk of heart disease.
Medication: This is a treatment for mild heart disease. Medications can be very effective in treating the condition. You need to use it exactly as your doctor advised.
Surgery: When certain types of heart disease are present, there may be a need for surgery. It is important to note that this method depends on the type and condition of the disease.
Prevention of heart disease
Heart disease is a preventable disease if it is not congenital. Eating a healthy diet is the key to preventing this.