About heart valve replacement surgery
The human heart has four chambers and four valves. The function of the valves is to keep the blood vessels in good condition.
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Once squeezed to the desired location, it acts as a door that can be opened and closed to prevent blood from flowing back. When these valves fail to function properly, they develop valvular heart disease.
Why is heart valve replacement surgery needed?
Pumping blood from the heart; Valves are important when it comes to repatriation. By preventing the blood from being pushed back, it allows only one side of the body to flow.
If the valve is damaged, it can affect the blood circulation. As the arteries tighten, the muscles become more active. When the valve muscles are weakened, the valve gates may not open properly even when they need to be closed tightly. It makes the blood flow back. In that case
Shortness of breath
Swelling of the fluid (especially in the legs)
If the damage is more severe than this, the heart may stop working properly and the symptoms may worsen, and the heart valve may need to be replaced.
Types of valves
There are chemical valves and biological valves. As a chemical technology, carbon, Made from Polyester and made to look as close as possible to a natural stopper. This is called a mechanical valve. Intermediate between ten and twenty years.
Its weakness is the risk of blood clots. Therefore, if you replace this type of valve, you may need to take a blood thinner later .
Biologically produced valves are made from human or animal tissues. Animal tissue It is made from the tissues of animals such as cattle. It does not last as long as a chemical valve.
What type of replacement is needed depends on the age of the patient. Health condition ; Can I take blood thinners? Your doctor will make a choice based on your heart condition.
Types of valve replacement
It varies depending on the type of valve. The types of surgery are:
Mitral valve replacement
Aortic valve replacement
Replacement of both mitral and aortic valve
Pulmonary valve replacement.
It is performed under general anesthesia. Conventioanl surgery; There are two methods: minimally invasive. Conventional surgery involves surgery from the neck to the abdomen. The minimally invasive surgical procedure shortens the surgical route and reduces the risk of infection.
Both for blood circulation during surgery. It is also connected to a device for breathing through the lungs. The doctor will also remove your thoracic bone and remove the bad valve from the heart. It will then be replaced with a new valve. This operation can take at least two hours.
After the operation, the patient will be moved to the intensive care unit and the condition will be monitored. If you are in good condition, you will be transferred to a regular hospital room. You can stay in the hospital for about a week.
After surgery, it can take weeks to months to return to normal. Wound healing rate; The patient’s condition; It depends on the type of surgery. Cardiac valve surgery, like any other surgery, can have side effects.
Later fever and nausea. Chills Pain and inflammation around the surgical site. Blood from surgery You should see your doctor again if you experience any discharge.
Make an appointment at your doctor’s appointment. Follow your doctor’s instructions. Do not do strenuous activity in between before recovering completely. Eat well.